Archive for March, 2012

More Yeager-Patterson Family History

Saturday, March 24th, 2012

A couple of weeks ago, I posted the first part of a long newspaper article called “Yeager-Patterson Family History”. Here’s the second, and final, part. It is perhaps less interesting to people who aren’t related to the Yeagers and/or Pattersons, but it has lots of genealogical info, and some interesting tales about life on the prairie in the late 19th Century. Here goes:

Joseph Yeager, Sr. was a devout Christian and felt the need for a church in the community, so in 1879, was instrumental in having a church built on the corner five miles south of Oxford (where Alvin Williams lives.) The denomination was United Brethren and was named Yeager Chapel in his honor. Services were held there for many years but by 1909, interest waned and the building was sold to the Northern Baptist organization. The Baptists had been having services in the Jenkins schoolhouse the church building was moved two miles south, where it still stands, the Slate Valley Baptist Church.

At the time the Yeager-Patterson party (1874) came there were few acres in cultivation. Good land could be purchased for $400 to $600 a quarter. Farms having a large acreage broken out sold for as high as $1100 per quarter. There were few trees except along the streams, and no fences. Livestock had to he tethered out to pasture or be kept in small corrals. The Pattersons and Yeagers planted Osage Orange hedges and soon had living fences which also served as windbreaks.

Indians were still numerous and bothersome, altho not dangerous. They often camped on Mr. Yeager’s place on the hill above the ford on the Arkansas River. They would come to the Patterson’s beging food. While the squaws were at the house, an Indian man would be at the corn crib filling his arms with ear corn.

In 1877, Mrs. Joseph Yeager, Sr. [Elizabeth Lawrence] died and was the first person to be buried on Mr. Yeager’s farm overlooking the river. Not only was it a family cemetery, but others of the Rainbow Bend and Slate Valley community are buried there. One of the last persons interred there was Archie Patterson, 13 years old, son of the John Patterson’s in 1903.

Mr. Yeager later married a Mrs. Sarah Roe from Illinois and were the parents of a daughter, Grace, who became Mrs. Will Teter. Joseph Yeager, Sr. died January 18, 1898 at age 85. Mrs. Sarah Yeager died around 1906 or 1907. Both are buried in the Yeager cemetery.

Joseph Yeager, Jr., and wife, Amelia Woods Yeager and family lived on their farm, six miles south and three-fourths east until 1883, when they rented the farm and moved to Oxford, where he engaged in the milling business and in a hardware concern. They moved to Winfield in 1890 where he sold mulberry coal and later was in real estate. They were the parents of six children namely: Irene ( Mrs. Willlam Spence); Addie ( Mrs. Eli Cott–maybe H. C. ‘s relatives ); Bertha ( Mrs. Calvin Collins); Stella ( Mrs. Frank Johnson); Leona ( Mrs. John Townsend) and Joseph O. Yeager who married Lena Wimer. Mrs. J. W Ycager died ‘Oct. ’9, 1917 and Mr. Yeager lived to past 98 years of age, dying Nov. 10, 1941. They are buried in the Oxford Cemetery.

Descendants living in this vicinity are grandchildren: Ray Spence, Harold Johnson, Mrs. Marie Collier and Mrs. Mabel Maddox, all of Winfield. Great grand-children:. Buddy Spence, Mrs. Howard Rush, Mrs. Alvin Williams and Mrs. James Delp, all of Oxford.

After Mr. Yeager’s death, the farm land was sold to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Payton, who are living in the house built by Mr. Ycager in 1880 or ’81.

On the [Celia Yeager & John Davis] Patterson farm from that December in 1874 until the summer of 1910, when they moved to Wellington, renting their farm; the usual changes from the pioneer shanty to a more commodious house, as well as other improvements and increases of acreage, the joy of three weddings, the sorrow in the loss of those loved; truly, the living proof and example that “It takes a heap of livin’ in a house to wake a home.” Retirement from the farm, but not retirement from service to the family, friends, church and community. They celebrated their golden wedding in 1924 and had their 56th anniversary before John Patterson’s death in October, 1930 at age 79. Celia died February 26, 1959 just 4 days before her 104th birthday.

They were the parents of six children; Merton R.; Mabel (Mrs. Lee Condit); Ione ( Mrs. Fred. Woods); Archie L.; Noble W.; and Glen E. Mrs. Ione Woods resides at Riverview Manor and Glen lives in Leavenworth.

Residing in this community are grandchildren; Raymond Patterson, and Thoburn Woods of Oxford; Oleta (Woods) Barth of Wellington; Fern (Patterson) Pray and Velma (Condit) Hesket, both of Winfield; Helen (Condit) Hutchins, and Sterling Condit, both of Geuda Springs. Great grandchildren are Calvin Woods, Karen (Woods) Rebold, and Nelda (Woods) Miller of Oxford; Dale Hutchins, Donald Hesket and, Donna (Condit) Swanson of Geuda Springs, and Mabel (Hesket) King of Winfield.

The Patterson farms are still owned by the family: the Merton Patterson heirs, Glen Patterson and Mrs. Noble Patterson of Junction City.

The Frank [Francis Marion] Yeagers, (Mrs.Yeager [Amelia Louisa Patterson] was a sister of John Patterson) lived on the farm until 1902, when they sold the farm and moved to Centralia, Washington. Mrs. Patterson (Amelia) died October 8, 1940, age 84, having celebrated their 69th wedding anniversary, on May 22, of that year. Frank was a Civil War veteran and there were few alive at the time of his death, July 21, 1946, age 99 years.

They were the parents of fourteen children 10 growing to adulthood. The youngest daughter [Lula Geneva Yeager] is the only child living, and resides in Washington. None of the descendants live in Kansas.

Will and Grace Yeager Teter lived on the Joseph Yeager, Sr. homestead for many years, also in Oxford and Wichita. They celebrated their 64th wedding anniversary before Mr. Teter’s death in 1960. Mrs. Teter died in 1967, age 88 yrs. They were the parents of seven children, namely; Joe, Mary, Bertha (Mrs. Vern Holman), Donald, Dorothy, Leslie and Beulah (Mrs. Ray Lewis), The farm is the property of Mrs. Teter’s heirs and, is farmed by a grandson. Those living in the area are Mrs. Vern Holman, a daughter and grandsons, Gaylord and Jerry Holman.

Jerimiah (Jerry) Patterson, brother of John and AmelIa (Mrs. Frank) Yeager; and his wife Celia Smock Patterson came to Kansas in 1875 or ’76 and bought the farm mile north of the Rainbow Bend corner. They lived there the rest of their lives. Jerry died November 19, 1925, one month before their 55th wedding anniversary at the age of 75. Mrs. Patterson died May 31, 1943, age 91. Both are buried in the Oxford cemetery. They were the parents of six children. They are Laura (Mrs. Grant Zerger), Samuel, Worden; Libbie; Nora and Sadie (Mrs. Ora Johnson), None of their descendants are living in this vicinity.

Another brother Samuel B. and wife, Harriet Omstead Patterson came to Kansas in 1881 and bought the farm across from the Rainbow Bend school, where the Ralph Bell’s now live. Samuel died December 26, 1896, age 43. Mrs. Patterson died September 15, 1927 age 91, They were the parents of nine children. They are Ethel Keys Bigley; Chauncey E.; Elwood; Clare; Oakley; Gladys and Glen, twins; Vern and Vera, twins. Miss Vera Patterson formerly of Oxford, now resides in Wellington. Leslie Keys, formerly of Oxford is a grandson.

Spam Bait

Monday, March 19th, 2012

In the tradition of using my blog as a guinea pig for my clients…

One problem with WordPress is that WP blogs get a lot of spam. Spammy comments. Spam trackbacks. Etcetera. So forth. Ad infinitum. One of my clients is claiming he gets around 2000 spam comments per week. There’s a plugin called Akismet which comes with the basic WP install and supposedly filters the crap, but it isn’t free. Well, it’s free-ish. Or something. I hear Akismet is pretty good, but I thought I’d try a genuinely free one or two before relying on the default. After a little research, I decided to try Comment SPAM Wiper on my own blog, and see if it seems to be working.

I just installed it a few minutes ago; that was painless. As to its effectiveness, time will tell…

[Auto] Biography of Samuel Oliver Bereman

Thursday, March 15th, 2012

Several months back, I inherited a box full of family stuff: photos, newspaper clippings, report cards, etc. One of the items in that box was a six-page handwritten biography of my mother’s father’s mother’s father, Samuel Oliver Bereman. Perhaps he wrote it for his GAR chapter, as the mentions his GAR post in the last paragraph, and says little else about his post-war life. I’ve transcribe the document as well as I could; the handwriting is a bit of a challenge. Here it is in its entirety:

Atchison Kansas March 11/02

The subject of this sketch, S.O. Bereman, was born at Bellville, Indiana February 22nd 1842.

In the fall of 1845 with his parents he moved by wagon to Henry County Iowa and spent his boyhood upon a farm and getting only a common school education. The year 1858 he spent in Kansas, six miles south of Topeka where his older brother had entered upon good land, and in 1860 he crossed the plains to the new gold fields of Colorado, on his return to his home in the early winter Abraham Lincoln had been elected President and the mutterings (?) of the great storm which was so soon to break upon the land were even then beginning to be heard.

On October 25th 1861 he enlisted in Co. K 4th Iowa Cavalry then being recruited a week into camp at Mount Pleasant the county seat, where the Regt. continued (?) drilling &  doing camp round duty until in Feby. ’62 when they were ordered south. Stopping a few weeks at Benton Barracks St. Louis the Regt. was ordered to join Gen [Samuel R.] Curtis then on his way to Little Rock Ark.

Gen Curtis failed to [take(?) looks like "nuch"] Little Rock and after a long and arduous march   through the heat and dust with scant substances(?) they reached Helena, Artkansas. The regt. had been in a few light skirmishes  and had its baptism having lost several men in killed and wounded.

During the fall and winter of 62/63 they lay in camp at Helena  making frequent scouts (?) into the interior and very nearly returning without having had a scrap with the Johnies. In the spring of 1863 the regmt. went aboard transports and went down the  Miss. to join Gen Grant, then begining preparations(?)   to capture(?) Vicksburg.

During the greater part of the seige the 4th Iowa Cavalry were the only cavalry troops with Gen. Grant’s army and their duties were arduous in the extreme. The men were in their saddles every day and many nights, upon one of their excursions toward Black River  beyond which Rebel Gen. Johnson (sic, should be Johnston) lay, and while felling trees to block the road a detail of 120 men of this regmt. were surprised and surrounded by Starks brigade of Rebel Cavalry and lost ji___(?) half their numbers in killed and wounded and prisoners.

Immediately after the city surrendered, the regmt. went with Gen Sherman to capture or drive off  Johnsons (sic, again) army  which fell back to Jackson, Miss. Coh___ after a siege of ten days Johnston evacuated and the troops returned to Black River near Vicksburg.

Early in the siege of Vicksburg,  S.O. Bereman was detailed as a courier for Gen Sherman and was on his staff until late in the fall when Sherman left that dept. The regmt. remained here all winter with occasional (?) scouting—one of which was to Natches and lasted several weeks.

In Feby. 1864 the regmt. went with Gen Sherman on the Meridian Expedition and on their return to camp, the most  of the men having   re-enlisted as Veterans for their years were sent home on a thirty day furlough.

Returning the early part of April they disembarked at Memphis Tenn. and remained there until Sept 2nd. During this summer they were almost constantly engaged in fighting Gen Forrest  and his army. One such engagement [the Battle of Brice's Crossroads] was at Guntown in  Miss. when Forrest completely routed our force under the miserable incompetence of Gen. Sturgis, the latter through blundering lost his train of 200 wagons—all his artillery and more than half his command. The brigade of cavalry to which the 4th Iowa belonged brought up the rear on two days and two nights—constant without rest or food and saved many of the infantry from capture. The four howitzers of the brigade were all the guns saved to the army. The regmt. lost 70 men in this engagement.

Immediately after this another army under A.J. [Andrew Jackson] Smith also had arrived at Memphis went out and at Tupelo paid back Gen Forrest with interest all we owed him. The regmt. was with Smith on this trip and suffered severely—but not so much as at Guntown.

On Sept. 2nd the Regmt.   Started on the “Price Raid” Expedition. Going to near Little Rock  it joined A.J. Smith’s Command and followed Price through Ark. Mo and Kansas and to the Arkansas River in the Indian Territory where the chase was abandoned  on Nov. 8th. Going into camp in the snow and cold they took a vote—it was unanamous for “Lincoln and the vigorous prosecution of the war”.

The next day they started back—??—half starved—half clad—in the snow and ice half the men dismounted—to St. Louis when they arrived on the 1st day of Dec. having been on the march constantly for 3 months.

On this trip Price’s army was completely destroyed or dispersed. There were several engagements—notably at Big Blue—Marais des Cygnes —Mine Creek & Newtonia.

From St. Louis the next move was to Louisville Ky on January 1st 1865, the latter part of Feby they were loaded onto boats and went down the Ohio to the Tenn. River & up that to Eastport near the Miss & Alabama line where Gen J.H. [James Harrison] Wilson had gathered an army of about 15000 cavalry and very soon were started south & for nearly two months heard no word from the north.

On this raid Selma and Montgomery, Columbus & Macon Ga. were captured after hard fighting. The enemy killed or captured on this raid exceeded the number of our[?] command. The ??? of property—such as arsenals—factories and war material—including one gun boat at Columbus—would aggregate many millions of dollars.

At Macon a flag of truce reached us on April 22nd—the first news we had had from the north— the war was over. It was while waiting for news that we heard of the assassination of Pres. Lincoln.

After a few weeks’ rest the army moved to Atlanta & on its way up the 4th Cavalry participated in the capture of Jeff. Davis. The regmt. had the honor of capturing seven of Davis’ cabinet— Alexander Stephens—vice pres.—Robert Toombs—Stephen R. Mallory sec. of Navy, B?? R. Hill—Senator & Gen & Hershel V. Johnson— but missed the great prize.

They lay at Atlanta until August 10th when they started north & arriving at Davenport Iowa were mustered out Aug.  25th. The regmt. lost in killed wounded and dischaged for disabilities [what happened to the rest of that sentence?]

Com??? Bereman was with his Regmt. the whole of its service & was in nearly every engagement & campaign of any importance. His family sent nine soldiers to the field—his father—six brothers & two brothers in law.

After returning home being in very poor health he attended school & taught some until in 1868 he engaged in the drug business which he continued all his life. In July 1873 he came to Atchison Kansas & in 78[?]  joined John A. Martin—then Atchison Post 93 [of the GAR, a CW veteran's group] and has held the office of adjt.—Q.M. & Commander.

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